Quality of life, which is your general well-being, can be affected in many ways by Livestock Management Facilities/CAFOs. Property ownership is something many people strive for and enjoying your property is an important aspect of your quality of life. Odor from CAFOs can greatly hinder the outdoor use of neighboring properties as well as increased numbers of insects and pests that are attracted to the area. Health effects caused by CAFOs can also diminish the quality of life of surrounding neighbors and communities. Property value decreases hinder quality of life by putting financial strain on the neighboring residences and communities. Lowered property values cause property taxes to be lowered which put a financial strain on all publicly funded organizations in the community.
Many people in this community near Sandy Creek have spent many years building and improving their properties. The intentions were to be able to enjoy our homes and properties and improve our quality of life. This facility, Sandy Creek Lane LLC, is threatening the quality of life many of the neighbors have spent years, or even generations building.
Multiple studies have been done to discover the effects of CAFOs have on surrounding property values. John Kilpatrick is a well know appraiser that has done work all around the country and has seen the nationwide devaluation of properties located near CAFOs. States including: North Carolina, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Kansas, Washington, Colorado, Illinois, Michigan, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, Alabama and even areas of Canada have seen the effects of CAFOs in their communities and property assessments have been lowered to reflect their negative effect. These effects can rage from 4%-88% depending on the distance from the facility, some areas have diminished values for miles.
Groundwater can be contaminated by runoff, leaching or leaks. Because this facility is placed in a rural area, all of the surrounding property owners depend on wells for their drinking water, many from shallow wells. The proposed facility will store up to a years worth of manure under the proposed buildings and the manure will also be spread on neighboring crop lands. Pathogens, nitrates and antibiotics can enter private wells from ground water sources if the groundwater is contaminated. These can cause negative health effects and even death. Groundwater is difficult to monitor, so the chances of contamination going unnoticed for periods of time can be high. Pathogens can also survive longer in ground water, so lingering effects can be seen.
Surface water can be contaminated by runoff, leaching or leaks also. Accidental or intentional discharges, erosion and improper waste handling have the potential to contaminate surface waters including Sandy Creek. Ammonia and hormones are often found in surface waters near CAFOs. Ammonia can be detrimental to aquatic life and hormones can cause fertility problems in aquatic life. Besides ammonia, excessive nitrogen and phosphorus also lead to the demise of aquatic life. Surface water can also be contaminated by pathogens, which can be transferred to humans who use the water for recreational purposes.
H1N1 (swine flu) and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can be transferred from pigs to humans. Manure can also contain arsenic and other heavy metals which will be dispersed into our environment when it is applied to the area crop fields.
These health concerns are bad even for healthy adults. Children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals will be the most severely affected by any pollutants, bacteria or viruses from the facility. Some can lead to chronic life long health issues and even death. People from all of these at risk groups currently live within the vicinity of the proposed facility. Their health should be a factor!
CAFOs also can have negative effects on mental health. They can cause mental health deterioration and increased sensitization of smells, which can cause tension, negative moods, depression, anxiety and anger.
Clostirdum tetani (tetanus)
Histoplasma capsulatum (Histoplasmosis)
Microsporum and Trichophyton (Ringworm)
Giardia lamblia (Giardiasis)
Bacillus anthracis (anthrax)
Escherichia coli (E. Coli)
Leptospira pomona (leptospirosis)
Listeria monocytogenes (Listeria)
Many pollutants are released from CAFOs, which can be very dangerous for the surrounding neighbors and communities
Many pathogens are carried in manure, which can be transferred to humans by direct contact, inhalation, drinking water or accidental consumption during recreational water activities
Negative health effects, loss of property value, loss of quality of life, ground water contamination, environmental concerns...
Defined by the EPA a CAFO is as follows
You confine animals for at least 45 days in a 12-month period, and there is no grass or other vegetation in the confinement area during the normal growing season
A Large CAFO confines at least the number of animals described in the table below. The proposed facility at Sandy Creek Lane is a Large CAFO by definition (over 2500 swine > 55 pounds), to see the requirements for other sizes or types of animal, please see the EPA's definitions below, or go to the EPA's website.